新皇冠体育

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常见问题
常见问题

干细胞技术特点?

GANXIBAOJISHUZUIXIANZHUDEZUOYONG:

NENGZAIZAOYIZHONGQUANXINDE、ZHENGCHANGDESHENZHIGENGNIANQINGDEXIBAO、ZUZHIHUOQIGUAN。CONGERDADAOZHIYUJIBING,GAISHANYAJIANKANG,YANHUANSHUAILAODEZUOYONG。

常见问题

什么是神经干细胞?

SHENJINGGANXIBAOYINGWENMINGCHENG:neural stem cell

DINGYI:CUNZAIYUCHENGTINAOZUZHIZHONGDEYIZHONGGANXIBAO。KEFENHUACHENGSHENJINGYUAN、XINGXINGJIAOZHIXIBAO、SHAOTUJIAOZHIXIBAO,YEKEZHUANFENHUACHENGXUEXIBAOHEGUGEJIXIBAO。

SHENJINGGANXIBAO:ZHILIAOJIBING

ZHONGFENG(NAOGENGSAI、NAOCHUXUE)、 XIAONAOWEISUOZHENG(NAOXINGTANHUAN)、JISUISUNSHANG 、NAOWEISUO、GONGJI SHIDIAO、NAOWAISHANGHOUYIZHENG、 PAJINSENSHIZONGHEZHENG、 YUNDONGSHENJINGYUANBING(ALS)、 DUOFAXINGYINGHUA、 MIANTAN 、DUOXITONGWEISUOZHENG(MSA)、LAONIANCHIDAIZHENG、SHISHENJINGWEISUO、NIEYEDIANXIANDENG

常见问题

什么是造血干细胞?

ZAOXUEGANXIBAO( Stem cell ,SC)

SHIZHIGUSUIZHONGDEGANXIBAO,JUYOUZIWOGENGXINNENGLIBINGNENGFENHUAWEIGEZHONGXUEXIBAOQIANTIXIBAO,ZUIZHONGSHENGCHENGGEZHONGXUEXIBAOCHENGFEN,BAOKUOHONGXIBAO、BAIXIBAOHEXUEXIAOBAN,TAMENYEKEYIFENHUACHENGGEZHONGQITAXIBAO。TAMENJUYOULIANGHAODEFENHUAZENGZHINENGLI,GANXIBAOKEYIJIUZHUHENDUOHUANYOUXUEYEBINGDERENMEN,ZUICHANGJIANDEJIUSHIBAIXUEBING。JUANXIANZAOXUEGANXIBAODUIJUANXIANZHEDESHENTIBINGWUHENDASHANGHAI

ZAOXUEGANXIBAOYOULIANGGEZHONGYAOTEZHENG:

其一,高度的自我更新或自我复制能力;
新皇冠体育 其二,可分化成所有类型的血细胞。

ZAOXUEGANXIBAOCAIYONGBUDUICHENGDEFENLIEFANGSHI:YOUYIGEXIBAOFENLIEWEILIANGGEXIBAO。QIZHONGYIGEXIBAORENGRANBAOCHIGANXIBAODEYIQIESHENGWUTEXING,CONGERBAOCHISHENTINEIGANXIBAOSHULIANGXIANGDUIWENDING,ZHEIJIUSHIGANXIBAOZIWOGENGXIN。ERLINGYIGEZEJINYIBUZENGZHIFENHUAWEIGELEIXUEXIBAO、QIANTIXIBAOHECHENGSHUXUEXIBAO,SHIFANGDAOWAIZHOUXUEZHONG,ZHIXINGGEZIRENWU,ZHIZHISHUAILAOSIWANG,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGSHIBUTINGDIJINXINGZHEDE。

新皇冠体育 ZAOXUEGANXIBAOYIZHISHIXIANDAISHENGMINGKEXUEDEZHONGDATUPO。ZAOXUEGANXIBAOYIZHIKEZHILIAOEXINGXUEYEBING,BUFENEXINGZHONGLIU,BUFENYICHUANXINGJIBINGDENG 75 ZHONGZHISIXINGJIBING。BAOKUOJIXINGBAIXUEBING、MANXINGBAIXUEBING、GUSUIZENGSHENGYICHANGZONGHEZHENG、ZAOXUEGANXIBAOJIBING、GUSUIZENGZHIXINGJIBING、LINBAZENGZHIXINGJIBING、JUSHIXIBAOJIBING、YICHUANXINGDAIXIEXINGJIBING、ZUZHIXIBAOJIBING、YICHUANXINGHONGXIBAOJIBING、YICHUANXINGMIANYIXITONGJIBING、YICHUANXINGXUEXIAOBANJIBING、JIANGXIBAOJIBING、DIZHONGHAIPINXUE、FEIXUEYEXITONGEXINGZHONGLIU、JIXINGFANGSHEBINGDENG。

常见问题

什么是间充质干细胞?

新皇冠体育 JIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAO【mesenchymal stem cells,MSC】

新皇冠体育 SHIGANXIBAOJIAZUDEZHONGYAOCHENGYUAN,LAIYUANYUFAYUZAOQIDEZHONGPEICENGHEWAIPEICENG。MSCZUICHUZAIGUSUIZHONGFAXIAN,YINQIJUYOUDUOXIANGFENHUAQIANNENG、ZAOXUEZHICHIHECUJINGANXIBAOZHIRU、MIANYIDIAOKONGHEZIWOFUZHIDENGTEDIANERRIYISHOUDAORENMENDEGUANZHU。RUJIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAOZAITINEIHUOTIWAITEDINGDEYOUDAOTIAOJIANXIA,KEFENHUAWEIZHIFANG、GU、RUANGU、JIROU、JIJIAN、RENDAI、SHENJING、GAN、XINJI、NEIPIDENGDUOZHONGZUZHIXIBAO,LIANXUCHUANDAIPEIYANGHELENGDONGBAOCUNHOURENGJUYOUDUOXIANGFENHUAQIANNENG,KEZUOWEILIXIANGDEZHONGZIXIBAOYONGYUSHUAILAOHEBINGBIANYINQIDEZUZHIQIGUANSUNSHANGXIUFU。

WOGUOYIKAISHIYONGJIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAOZHILIAOLINCHUANGSHANGYIXIENANZHIXINGJIBING,RUJISUISUNSHANG、NAOTAN、JIWEISUOCESUOYINGHUAZHENG、XITONGXINGHONGBANLANGCHUANG、XITONGXINGYINGHUAZHENG、KELONGSHIBING、ZHONGFENG、TANGNIAOBING、TANGNIAOBINGZU、GANYINGHUADENG,GENJUCHUBUDELINCHUANGBAOGAO,JIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAODUIZHEIXIEJIBINGDEZHILIAODOUQUDEMINGXIANDELIAOXIAO。

常见问题

临床常用的细胞类型及其来源组织

1、JIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAO:

新皇冠体育 ZHUYAOJINGRENQIDAI、TAIPAN、ZHIFANGDENGZUZHITIQU、PEIYANGHUODE;

2、ZAOXUEGANXIBAO:

ZHUYAOJINGRENTAIPAN、QIDAIXUEDENGZUZHITIQU、PEIYANGHUODE;

3、MIANYIXIBAO:

GANXIBAOZAITIWAIJINGYOUDAOFENHUA,JINXINGBAXIANGPEIYANGHECIJIHOUJUYOUDINGXIANGSHASHANGZHONGLIUXIBAODEMIANYIHUOXING。

常见问题

干细胞的三个特性

1、ZIWOGENGXIN:

新皇冠体育 GANXIBAOKEYITONGGUOZIWOFUZHI,CHANSHENGYUQINBENWANQUANXIANGTONGDEZIDAIXIBAO,YIBAOCHIGANXIBAOSHULIANGDEHENGDINGKETONGGUOFENLIEWEICHIZISHENXIBAODETEXINGHEDAXIAO;

2、FENHUAQIANNENG:

GANXIBAOZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAKEYIJINRUFENHUACHENGXU,KEJINYIBUDUOXIANG(HUODINGXIANG)FENHUAWEIZHUBUCHENGSHUDECIJIZIDAIXIBAO,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGGONGNENGTEYIDEZUZHIXIBAO,ZAIZUZHIXIUFUHEXINCHENDAIXIEZHONGQIZHONGYAOZUOYONG;

3、GUICHAO:

GANXIBAOZAITINEIDINGXIANGQIANYIZHITEDINGDEZUZHIBUWEI,ZAIBUTONGHUANJINGDEYOUDAOXIA,YILAIXINGDIFENHUAWEITEDINGDEZUZHIXIBAO。

常见问题

干细胞分类-分化潜能分类

1、QUANNENGGANXIBAO (Totipotent):

JUYOUWUXIANFENHUAQIANNENG,NENGFENHUACHENGSUOYOUZUZHIHEQIGUANDEGANXIBAO。YEJIUSHIJUYOUXINGCHENGWANZHENGGETIFENHUAQIANNENG。RUPEITAIGANXIBAO。

新皇冠体育 2、YAQUANNENGGANXIBAO (Pluripotent):

XIBAOCHUXIANLEYIXIETESHUBIAOXINGHUOFENZIBIAOZHI,DANRENGKEFENHUAWEIBUTONGPEICENGDEXIBAO,KEJINYIBUFENHUAWEIBUTONGLEIXINGDEDUONENGGANXIBAO,BINGZAISHENGZHANGFAYUHEXINCHENDAIXIEZHONGBINGWEICHIDUONENGGANXIBAOPINGHENG。CUNZAIYUPEITAIJICHENGTIZUZHINEI,RUPEITAIYAQUANNENGGANXIBAO、CHENGTIYAQUANNENGGANXIBAO。

3、DUONENGGANXIBAO(Multipotent):

新皇冠体育 JUYOUFENHUACHENGDUOZHONGXIBAOHEZUZHIDEQIANNENG,DANQUESHIQULEFAYUCHENGWANZHENGGETIDENENGLI,FAYUQIANNENGSHOUDAOYIDINGDEXIANZHI。CUNZAIYUPEITAIJICHENGTIDEDUOSHUZUZHIHEQIGUANZHONG。RUJIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAO、DUONENGZAOXUEGANXIBAODENG。

新皇冠体育 4、ZHUANNENGGANXIBAO (Unipotent):

新皇冠体育 YOUCHENGDANNENGGANXIBAO、ZUXIBAO (progenitor) ,ZHINENGXIANGYIZHONGHUOMIQIEXIANGGUANDELIANGZHONGLEIXINGDEXIBAOFENHUA。RUSHENJINGGANXIBAO、ZUHONGXIBAO(ZHUANNENGZAOXUEGANXIBAO)DENG。

常见问题

干细胞分类-发育阶段分类

1、PEITAIGANXIBAO[Embryonic stem cells, ESCs]:

新皇冠体育 CONGSHOUJINGLUAN(fertilized egg)FENLIEFAYUCHENGNANGPEI(PEIPAO)NEIXIBAOTUAN(Inner Cell Mass) ( 5-7TIANQIAN)DEXIBAO,JUYOUFENHUAFAYUCHENGSANGEPEICENGXIBAODEQIANLI ,YEJIUSHIJUYOUXINGCHENGWANZHENGGETIFENHUAQIANNENG。

YANJIUFAXIAN,PEITAIGANXIBAOJUYOUYIDINGDEZHILIUXING,JIXINGCHENGZHONGLIUDEKENENG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,PEITAIGANXIBAODEHUOQUSHOULUNLIXUEXIANZHI,GUDUOSHUGUOJIABUZUOWEILINCHUANGSHIYONG,JINZAITESHUQINGKUANGXIAHUOQUJINXINGSHIYANYANJIU。

[SHENGZHIGANXIBAO(embryonic germ cells, EG):XIANGDANGYU6ZHOUQIANPEITAI];

2、CHENGTIGANXIBAO [Adult (Somatic) stem cells]:

新皇冠体育 YOUCHENGZUZHIGANXIBAO(tissue stem cell ) ,CUNZAIYUCHENGSHUTAIERJICHUSHENGHOUGETIYIFENHUAZUZHIZHONGJUYOUFENHUAQIANNENGDEWEIFENHUAXIBAO。CHENGTIGANXIBAODEFAYUDENGJIJIAODI,YIBANWEIDUONENGHUODANNENGGANXIBAO。

新皇冠体育 CHENGTIGANXIBAOCHENGSHUJIAOMAN,DANNENGZIWOWEICHIZENGZHI,YIDANXUYAO,CHENGTIGANXIBAOBIANKEANFAYUTUJINGXIANHOUJINXINGXIBAOFENLIE、FENHUACHANSHENGCHULINGWAIYIQUNJUYOUYOUXIANFENLIENENGLIDEXIBAOQUN。

RU:JIANCHONGZHIGANXIBAO、ZAOXUEGANXIBAO、SHENJINGGANXIBAO、YIXIANGANXIBAODENG。

YANJIUFAXIAN,CHENGTIGANXIBAOJIHUWUZHILIUXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,CHENGTIGANXIBAODEHUOQUBUSHOULUNLIXUEXIANZHI,GUDUOSHUGUOJIAZUOWEILINCHUANGSHIYONG。

常见问题

什么是干细胞?

新皇冠体育 GANXIBAO,YINGWENstem cell,SHUGANXIBAO,MUXIBAO,ZUXIBAO。

YIXUESHANGCHENGWEIWANYONGXIBAO。

SHICUNZAIYURENHEDONGWUFAYUGEJIEDUAN(BAOKUOPEITAIHECHENGTIZUZHI)TEDINGBUWEIDEYILEIYUANSHIZHUANGTAIDEWEIFENHUAXIBAO;GANXIBAOJUYOUZIWOGENGXIN、FENHUAQIANNENGHEGUICHAODETEXING,SHIXINGCHENGRENTIGEZHONGZUZHIQIGUANDEYUANSHIXIBAO、QIYUANXIBAO

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